Attention-Deficit Disorder (ADD) is the predominantly inattentive type of Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD). However, the big difference between the two is that ADD entails the child not being able to keep his/her focus and ADHD entails a child who shows a surplus amount of movement. According to DSM- 5 (CDC, 2019), which is a manual that helps healthcare practitioners make a diagnosis, the following symptoms for ADD and ADHD needs to meet a certain criterion. The criteria entail that the symptoms were present before the age of 12, it interferes with the quality of the tasks may it be for social or school. The symptoms should also come across in 2 or more settings like at school and home or with friends and family. It is important to also ensure that there is no other disorder which explains the symptoms for ADD or ADHD, for example, mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders etc. (CDC, 2019).

An important aspect to note, with regards to ADD, the symptoms need to be present for at least a period of 6 months and the symptoms do not coincide with the developmental level of the child. The symptoms of ADD consist out of the child failing to look out for details in their school work or other activities. They struggle to keep concentration on activities plus it seems as if the child is not listening to you when you speak directly to him/her. An ADD child also struggles with completing tasks may it be due to losing his focus or getting distracted by something else as well as not wanting to perform a task because the task requires thought over a period like needing to complete homework. An ADD child has difficulties with organising his/her activities and he/she can lose necessities for completing the activities, for example, stationery, papers or even glasses. The child may also be forgetful about day-to-day activities (CDC, 2019).

An important aspect to note, about ADHD, is the symptoms need to be present for a period of at least 6 months and the symptoms should be in such a manner that it is disruptive and that the symptoms do not coincide the child’s developmental level. The symptoms of ADHD include the child not being able to remain seated, especially when it is needed. The child fidgets a lot with his hands or feet as well as he seems to be “on the go” the whole time and doesn’t rest. The child may find himself/herself in situations which is not applicable to him/her. An ADHD child can also talk excessively and he/she struggles to be patient with having to wait for their turn or will hastily answer before even hearing the whole question. This also can link with the child interrupting conversations or games as well as struggling to play quietly and enjoying leisure activities (CDC, 2019).

You can read more information about ADD or ADHD with the following links https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/diagnosis.html and https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/adhd/what-is-adhd .

ADHD Children

Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD), is familiar among children, but it also affects adults. ADHD is seen more in boys than in girls (Parekh, 2017). ADHD in children can vary depending on their age. However, the core of the symptoms remains the same.

ADHD has three types namely, inattentive type, hyperactive-impulsive type and the combined type. The inattentive type entails the child struggles to pay attention, can be easily distracted but does not really show being hyperactive or impulsive. This is also referred to as Attention-Deficit Disorder (ADD). The hyperactive-impulsive type entails a child of being hyperactive and cannot sit still, he/she needs to be able to move and can be impulsive. The child does not show inattention. The Combined type entails a child who struggles with keeping his/her attention and being hyperactive and impulsive (Brown, n.d.).

ADHD children in Preschool till grade 2, the most prominent symptom is, the child struggles to following instructions, no matter the difficulty. The child moves a lot and struggles to take part in activities which requires silence. The ADHD child does not ask for permission; he/she will just act. The child works speedily and finds it difficult to slow down in order to complete an activity carefully plus he/she does not remember something that was just taught. The child may get upset over small things (Sarkis, n.d.).

ADHD children in grade 3 – 7 will try to find a way out of doing a task as long as he/she possibly can. The child will also do silly things in order to get attention and he/she will become agitated during outings when it is not particularly interesting enough for the child. The ADHD child will complete tasks as quickly as possible which leads to mistakes which could have been avoided. The child struggles to following directions and does not finish activities in the amount of time stipulated (Sarkis, n.d.).

ADHD children in teenagers may not be able to work according to priorities and can forget about taking notes on important factors. The teenager can struggle with making friends and can engage in situations without thinking. The ADHD teenager can get easily distracted which can link with the teenager having to ask for you to repeat what you have said or zones out when needing to listen or do a task (Sarkis, n.d.).

You can read more about ADHD at https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/adhd/what-is-adhd and https://www.understood.org/en/learning-thinking-differences/signs-symptoms/could-your-child-have/signs-of-adhd-at-different-ages .

Marne Swart